Columbia University

Columbia University was founded in 1754 by royal charter of King George II of England (before the US was independent from England). It is the oldest institution of higher learning in New York State and the fifth oldest in the United States. Today, Columbia University is one of the top academic and research institutions in the world. Columbia consists of three undergraduate schools, thirteen graduate and professional schools, including a law school, medical school, business school, journalism school, and a school of continuing education. Columbia boasts 79 Nobel prize winners, since 1901, among its alumni, faculty, adjunct faculty, researchers and administrators. The University's current faculty includes nine Nobel laureates. Columbia hosts about 5,000 international students yearly and engages the participation of about 2,500 international faculty, researchers, and visiting scholars and scientists. Columbia is ranked number three among US universities in international enrollments. It has two campuses in New York City. The main campus, on the Upper West Side of New York was designed by a firm of acclaimed architects, McKim, Mead and White, according to the late-19thcentury ideal of a university campus with all disciplines in one location. There is an active and diverse student life at Columbia. There are many fraternities and sororities, as well as student publications, radio stations and athletic teams. Columbia students have also been known for political activism, since the 1960's. Columbia prides itself on being ranked as one of the U.S.'s and the world's best universities. Global University Ranking lists Columbia as 4th among world universities. Forbes Magazine listed Columbia as 5th among universities that have produced the largest number of living billionaires.