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Legal correspondence: standard opening phrases

Standard opening phrases for correspondence This is in reference to your letter of ________ [date]. We have received (and thank you for) the information you sent concerning … We are in receipt of your … This is to advise you…

Legal correspondence: standard closing phrases

Standard closing phrases for correspondence Thank you for your (prompt) attention to this matter. I look forward to hearing from you (in the near future). Please feel free to contact me if you have any (further) questions. I would appreciate…

Supplements to Legal Documents

One of the most common questions in Legal English is what to call the material that supplements a contract. The terms appendix, exhibit, annex and attachment all refer to something which is attached or added to a document and thus…

Clause Construction

When drafting a clause which must incorporate a right or obligation, it is worth remembering the time-honoured principle of clause construction developed by George Coode. Coode suggested a logical order for clause construction. Drafter’s Tip Refer to any exceptions first:…

Demand Letters

Demand letters, or letters before action as they are called in the U.K., are typically used to persuade the recipient to take or cease some action, to revoke a waiver of rights, or simply to provoke a reaction that you…

Selection of the Forum

The selection of the forum of a contract is of great importance to the value of the contract. Naturally, there are always advantages in litigating in a familiar setting, but there are advantages and disadvantages when choosing any forum. For…

May

Although the word ‘may’ is generally interpreted as being discretionary (giving the party the freedom to decide), case law shows, at least in Great Britain, that the courts can, in an appropriate context, construe ‘may’ as imposing an obligation rather…

Use of “less than” and “more than”

When using “less than” and “more than” in a list of periods, quantities, or charges, there is the danger of leaving a hiatus (a break or a gap). For example, where the compensation payable in respect of late completion of…


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