jurisdiction

noun

Definitions of jurisdiction

  • the area in which a particular legal system operates

    "In many jurisdictions, the use of the name veterinarian is restricted by law to persons with specific degrees or licenses."

  • the extent of this power

    "Legal concepts in English speaking jurisdictions do not always correspond to legal concepts in other jurisdictions."

  • the power of a court, authority or other official body to decide a legal case or to make an order. This is also referred to as competent jurisdiction, as in the court of competent jurisdiction.

    "The High Court has jurisdiction over criminal cases in this district."

  • the system of law courts that make up a particular legal system

    "The jurisdiction of the European Union includes all of the member states."

  • the territory in which this power exists

    "Title 28 of the United States Code gives the United States district courts exclusive jurisdiction over all matters arising in bankruptcy with few exceptions."

Phrase Bank for jurisdiction

  • A party doing business in another state is subject to the jurisdiction of the courts of that state

  • Diplomats are exempt from the jurisdiction of the receiving state

  • Hambros Jersey has submitted to the jurisdiction of the English court in respect of the claims in the English action, and the Jersey action has been stayed.

  • The civil court found that it had no jurisdiction over the matter

  • The court dismissed the action for lack of jurisdiction

  • The District Court has original jurisdiction while the Court of Appeals has appellate jurisdiction.

  • The Special Peacekeeping Forces are under the jurisdiction of the United Nations

  • The territory is within the country’s jurisdiction

  • There may be a right to invoke the inherent supervisory jurisdiction of the High Court.

  • They exercised territorial jurisdiction over areas often inhabited by tens of thousands of people.

Additional Notes for jurisdiction

  • exclusive jurisdiction: where one court has the power to decide a case to the exclusion of all other courts. It is the opposite situation from concurrent jurisdiction, in which more than one court may take jurisdiction over the case

  • extradition: the process by which a suspected criminal who has fled to another jurisdiction is returned to the jurisdiction where the crime occurred

  • original jurisdiction: the right of a court to hear the case for the first time, as opposed to the jurisdiction to hear the case on appeal, which is known as appellate jurisdiction

Common Mistakes for jurisdiction

  • Do not confuse jurisdiction with jurisprudence.