to give or send a legal document or other official paper to an authority or other organisation to be kept on record Counsel for the plaintiff filed the motion in the district court.
to take official action such as starting a lawsuit or other claim against someone He filed suit against her.
- Claimant filed the lawsuit.
- The first to file chooses the forum.
- The papers were filed with the clerk.
- file (noun) an institution's records of a particular matter: The court's file contained the plaintiff's complaint, the defendant's answer, and all other documents filed in the case.
- filing (noun) a document filed with an institution: The Financial Supervisory Authority requires a standard heading on all filings.
- filer (noun) a person or institution that submits a filing (=files something): The Tax Authority requires that all filers have a tax identification number.
- filing fee (noun) the fee that must be paid upon filing: In an out-of-court agreement Media Logistics agreed to pay Mr Roberts damages of £270 plus his £30 filing fee.
- filing requirements (noun) the rules about when and how something must be filed: The filing requirements discussed below are for typical individual income earners.