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A legal doublet is a standardised phrase consisting of two or more words used frequently in Legal English. Such phrases couple terms which are similar in meaning (synonyms). Many times, the origin of the doubling can be attributed to the transition of legal language from Latin to French to English. Certain terms were simply provided in their Latin, French and/or English forms to ensure that the reader understood the phrase’s significance.

Many modern legal scholars and writers advise that these doublets should be eliminated altogether, as they are unnecessarily superfluous and/or redundant. Nevertheless, it is important to be able to recognise such doublets for the purposes of interpretation.



  • aid and abet
  • by and between
  • cease and desist
  • covenant and agree
  • deem and consider
  • due and payable
  • final and conclusive
  • full faith and credit
  • have and hold
  • indemnify and hold harmless
  • legal and valid
  • liens and encumbrances
  • make and enter into
  • null and void
  • over and above
  • part and parcel
  • perform and discharge
  • power and authority
  • sole and exclusive
  • successors and assigns
  • terms and conditions




  • cancel, annul and set aside
  • give, devise, bequeath
  • name, constitute and appoint
  • rest, residue and remainder
  • right, title and interest

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